* Load is given in academic hour (1 academic hour = 45 minutes)
To provide the students with a foundation for developing their knowledge in laws on statics, dynamics and kinematics of dry and moist atmosphere. To provide students with the ability to recognize different types of atmospheric motions as a consequence of physical processes on different temporal-spatial scales.
1. Natural coordinate system, gradient, geostrophic, cyclostrophic and inertial motion.
2. Trajectories and streamlines.
3. Kelvin Circulation Theorem. Bjerknes circulation theorem.
4. Barotropic and baroclinic atmosphere, solenoids, thermal wind.
5. Vorticity equation.
6. Conservation of absolute vorticity.
7. Shallow fluid.
8. Potential vorticity.
9. Lee cyclogenesis.
10. Equation of divergence.
11. Helmholtz theorem.
12. Balance equation.
13. Rossby waves in geostrophic and quasigeostrophic atmosphere.
14. Rossby's radius of deformation.
15. Fundamentals of general circulation of atmosphere.
16. Zonal index. Fultz's experiments.
After completing the course and passing the exam it is expected that student can:
- recognize various equilibrium airflows and identify reasons why these airflows differ one from another
- distinguish between various atmospheric disturbances in pressure field and categorize them based on (non)amplification of the amplitude of disturbance
- recognize different circulating cells in the atmosphere and discuss the reasons for their formation
- differ barotropic from the baroclinic states of the atmosphere
- interpreting the causes and structure of the general circulation atmosphere.
- Class attendance and learning from class notes
- The study of mandatory and compulsory literature
- Solving homework tasks
- Active participation in the discussion of the homework results
- assigned homework tasks
- the use of an intranet-consultation
METHODS OF MONITORING AND VERIFICATION:
- regular attendance of lectures with an active approach
- monitoring the class attendance
- completed all assigned homework tasks via intranet
TERMS FOR RECEIVING THE SIGNATURE:
Regular attendance of lectures and completed homework.
Written and oral exam.
- Holton, J. R., 2004: An introduction to dynamic meteorology. Elsevier Academic Press, Amsterdam, 535 str.
Introduction to Geophysical Fluid Dynamics
Dynamic Meteorology 1