Quasi-steady currents. Elementary current system. Wind-driven currents in the ocean (Sverdrup, Stommel, Munk). Wind-driven currents in inland seas (Weenink, Felzenbaum, Welander). Thermohaline circulation - inside inland basins and between the inland and open seas (estuarine circulation, inverse estuarine circulation).
Free waves. General case of oscillations in rotating stratified fluid. High-frequency surface waves. Lowfrequency shallow-water waves. Internal waves. Topographic effects.
Forced waves. Analytical solutions for schematized oceans and inland seas: tides, response of the sea to the atmospheric forcing, seasonal variability. Resonant forcing of the sea.
- Bowden K. F.: Physical Oceanography of Coastal Waters, Ellis Horwood Ltd., Chichester, 1983.
- Gill A. E.: Atmosphere-Ocean Dynamics, Academic Press, New York, 1982.
- Pedlosky J.: Geophysical Fluid Dynamics (Second Edition), Springer Verlag, New York, 1987.
- Vallis G. K.: Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2006.