* Load is given in academic hour (1 academic hour = 45 minutes)
To introduce students with the properties of geomagnetic field, and the complex connection of the magnetic field with the highest layers of Earth's atmosphere. For this purpose, it is necessary to:
- handle physical processes that generate magnetic field,
- explain equations that connect electric and magnetic fields,
- elaborate and discuss the evolution of all the components of the geomagnetic field,
- describe the methods of measuring the geomagnetic field,
- define the particle distribution in all layers of the magnetosphere and their interaction with a magnetic field.
Electromagnetic induction. Electrical conductivity. Maxwell equations. Magnetic properties of materials. Elements and basic properties of the geomagnetic field. Measurements of geomagnetic elements. Contributions to the measured magnetic field on the Earth's surface. Results of paleomagnetic research. Magnetic reversals. Temporal and spatial changes of the geomagnetic field. Evolution of the geomagnetic field. Modeling the geomagnetic field elements. The Solar Activity and physics of Sun-Earth space environment. Interplanetary magnetic field. Magnetospheric regions and related processes. Planetary magnetic fields.
After completing the course the student should be able to:
1. identify the characteristics of the Earth's magnetic field,
2. define and explain Maxwell's equations,
3. interpret the physical mechanisms responsible for the existence of the magnetic field and related changes,
4. describe changes in the geomagnetic field at various time scales,
5. classify various contributions to the measured magnetic field on the surface of the Earth,
6. collect data from geomagnetic observatories,
7. analyze the geomagnetic measurements,
8. interpret the characteristics of ionized particles in various layers of magnetosphere,
9. prepare, present and discuss the presented topics.
Attending lectures, study literature, analyses of examples and practicing, discussion of
Lectures, individual and group discussions, set individual tasks, using internet, discussion of examples.
METHODS OF MONITORING AND VERIFICATION:
Attending lectures. Written and oral exam.
TERMS FOR RECEIVING THE SIGNATURE:
Attendance in teaching 70%.
Writing (the students may not have to attend writing part of the exam if they successfully complete all mid-term exams) and oral examinations.
- Campbell, W.H.: Introduction to Geomagnetic Fields, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge 2003.
Vršnak, B.: Temelji fizike plazme, Školska knjiga, Zagreb, 1996.
Proelss, G.:Physics of the Earth's Space Environment, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
New York, 2004.
Parks,G.K.: Physics of space plasma,an introduction,Westview press, Boulder, 2004.
- Vršnak, B.: Temelji fizike plazme, Školska knjiga, Zagreb, 1996.
- Proelss, G.:Physics of the Earth's Space Environment, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
New York, 2004.
- Parks,G.K.: Physics of space plasma,an introduction,Westview press, Boulder, 2004.
Numerical Methods in Physics 1