The course presents the basics of contemporary solid state physics by elaborating the principal theoretical concepts and methods, and overviewing the experimental methods for the investigation of physical properties of both standard solids and the solids in the focus of current intensive research. In the optional part, the course will follow new research topics in this field of physics.
The course's objective is to introduce students to key physical concepts and theoretical methods, as well as contemporary experimental techniques, in order to qualify them to make relations between experimental results and theoretical explanations and interpretations.
Theoretical part of the course will include:
* basic theoretical methods for many body systems
* crystal structures and symmetries
* electronic bands
* Coulomb interaction in Fermi and other fermionic liquids
* Insulators, excitons, metal-insulator transitions, ferroelectric orders
* crystal lattice dynamics, electron-phonon coupling, polarons
* magnetic orders and charge orders
* selected phenomena in structures of reduced dimensionality (quantum Hall effect, topological insulators)
* superconductivity In addition to theoretical elements, students will be acquainted with a broad range of sophisticated experimental techniques present in contemporary condensed matter research. Upon completion of the course students should understand experimental procedures presented in the majority of condensed matter publications. For the presented methods students will learn which information can be obtained by specific method, what are the limitations, what is a typical duration of experiments, is it a large scale facility for which one should apply a proposal, etc. Selected methods will be described in details, while for the others a short overview will be given with appropriate list of the literature for further reading.
The experimental part will comprise the following techniques:
* cryogenic, high pressure and high magnetic fields environments
* synchrotron radiation, X-ray diffraction, inelastic X-ray scattering, neutron scattering
* angle-resolved photo-emission spectroscopy (ARPES)
* optical techniques: conductivity, reflectometry, ellipsometry, Raman spectroscopy
* electrical transport: resistivity, Hall effect, Nernst effect, magnetoresistance, quantum oscillations, heat transport
* heat capacity, magnetocalloric effect, thermal expansion
* magnetic characterization: AC susceptibility, SQUID, vibrating sample magnetometry, torque magnetometry
* nuclear magnetic and quadrupolar resonance, uon spin spectroscopy, ESR
* elektron microscopy: TEM, SEM; scanning microscopies: STM, AFM
- C. Kittel, Quantum Theory of Solids, John Wiley&sons, 2005.
- H. Haken, Quantum Field Theory of Solids, North-Holland, 1976.
- J. Solyom, Fundamentals of the Physics of Solids, I, II, III, Springer 2007 - 2010.
- J. Ziman: Electrons and phonons: The Theory of Transport Phenomena in Solids, Oxford 2001.
- J. S. Dugdale: Electrical Properties of Metals and Alloys, Hodder & Stoughton Educational 1977.
- Strongly Correlated Systems: Experimental Techniques (Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences), urednici A. Avella i F. Mancini, Springer 2014.