Basics in epidemiology, biology of tumour growth, cytology, pathology and laboratory diagnostics and methods of treating cancer patients.
Malignant tumours as a special issue of health care, the importance of prevention and early diagnosis of cancer, the latest research and application of radiotherapy alone and its combination with chemotherapy in the treatment of cancer. Definition and scope of oncological sciences. Molecular genetics of cancer cell division and cancer, immune recognition of malignant cells, metastasis and angiogenesis. Epidemiology and prevention of cancer. Fundamentals of chemotherapy, radiotherapy and hormone therapy. Radiobiology: the effect of radiotherapy on normal tissues, tumours, fractionation radiotherapy, radiobiological effect. Interaction of cytostatics and radiotherapy. Purpose and application of radiotherapy (photon beams, electron beams, neutrons, protons, brachytherapy) for the treatment of tumours of the head and neck, breast, lung, malignant lymphoma, gastrointestinal tumours, urinary, endocrine system, skin, bone and soft tissue, CNS and urogenital system