* Load is given in academic hour (1 academic hour = 45 minutes)
1. Differentiate basic methods used in marine research.
2. Recognise and understand possibilities and restrictions of the basic methods that we use in marine research.
3. Plan and organize simple research fieldwork i.e. simple lab experiment.
4. Define scientific approach and use it in the research of life in the sea.
5. Explain the need for intra- and interdisciplinary collaboration in sea research.
The goal is to introduce students to the methods and instruments used in marine research, as well as with their possibilities and restrictions. After successfully passing the exam students will be able to plan and organize simple research fieldwork i.e. simple lab experiment, and to choose what is important to measure and with which dynamics in order to test hypothesis or monitor possible impact.
1. Introductory remarks
2. Planning of field work, planning of laboratory experiments.
3. Defining the goals, designing experiments. Asking right questions in marine biology and ecology. Necessity for interdisciplinary collaboration.
4. and 5. Oceanographic data collecting (sea depth, temperature, salinity, sea currents, light intensity and penetration). Buoys with instruments for long term data recording, remote sensors - aerial and satellite images.
6. and 7. Sampling of sea water. Measurements of chemical parameters (nutrients, organic matter, metabolic gases, trace elements).
8. Research institutes and vessels in Croatia and selected ones around the world.
9. and 10. Underwater observation and in situ sampling: scientific diving (range, dangers, human physiological limits), submarines and remote operating vehicles, underwater video and photo recording.
11., 12. and 13. Biological sampling: plankton, nekton, benthos, sediment samples, Challenges of marine in situ research. Preliminary sampling, necessity for quantitative sampling, dynamics of sampling and its importance, samples marking, recording the other data, impact of various factors on sampling.
14. Suitability of selected methods, range of measured values.
15. Processing the collected data.
Seminars and exercises are thematically connected to the lectures within the same week. Literature for the seminars is consisted of recent review and expert papers as well as parts of expert books.
- Interna skripta i prezentacije s predavanja
- Odabrani znanstveni, pregledni i stručni članci, dijelovi stručnih knjiga (posebno za seminare)
- Summerhayes, CP & Thorpe, SA (1996) Oceanography - An Illustrated Guide, Manson Publishing, London, UK
- Mann, KH (2000) Ecology of Coastal Waters, Blackwell Science, Abingdon, UK
- Bertness, MD, Gaines, SD & Hay, ME (2001) Marine Community Ecology, Sinauer Assoc. Inc. Publishers, Sunderland MA, USA
- Black, KD, urednik, (2001) Environmental Impacts of Aquaculture, Sheffield Academic Press, Sheffield, UK
- Miller, CB (2004) Biological Oceanography, Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK