COURSE GOALS: Learning the systematic of the elements of Periodic System and their compounds with emphasis in understanding of impact of the nature of chemical bond and structure on properties/function.
LEARNING OUTCOMES AT THE LEVEL OF THE PROGRAMME:
1. KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
1.2. demonstrate a thorough knowledge and understanding of the fundamental concepts in chemistry
1.4. demonstrate a thorough knowledge and understanding of the most important chemistry laws and theories
1.7. describe the framework of natural sciences
2. APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
2.2. describe important aspects of chemical change
2.3. apply stoichiometry
2.7. apply basic laboratory safety and security measures
3. MAKING JUDGMENTS
3.1. develop a critical scientific attitude towards research in general, and in particular by learning to critically evaluate arguments, assumptions, abstract concepts and data
5. LEARNING SKILLS
5.1. search for and use professional literature as well as any other sources of relevant information
LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFIC FOR THE COURSE:
On the basis of achieved knowledge students will be able by itself:
1. to explain the basic concepts in chemistry;
2. to express the most important chemical laws and theories;
3. to demonstrate competence and understanding of the structure of natural sciences knowledge;
4. to describe the chemical change, use stoichiometry, apply all safety precautions in handling with laboratory ware, equipment and chemicals;
5. to create motivated environment for active learning in order to enhance development of the pupils/students skills;
6. to critical scale the arguments, presumptions, concepts, data and results of the scientific investigations;
7. to use the professional literature and other relevant sources of information.
* Fundamentals of quantum theory and wave mechanics applied on Periodic system of elements. Atomic orbitals. Electronic structure of atoms. Periodicity of properties.
* Chemistry of hydrogen - properties and synthesis. Hydrogen bonding, chlatatre compounds. Binary hydrides (electron-deficient hydrides, diborane, tetrahydroborate anion).
* Nobel gases, properties and synthesis. Ionization energies, electron affinities. Xenon flourides, synthesis and structure. Compounds of other nobel gases.
* Halogen elements chemistry. Halides, interhalogen compounds, polyhalides, pseudohalides, VSEPR-theory, structure of interhalide compounds. Polyoxo acids, oxidation state.
* Chalcogen elements chemistry. Oxygen, properties and synthesis, allotrope modifications, structure of oxygen molecule, overview of compounds. Sulfur, allotropes, catenation. Oxides and oxoacids, halides of sulfur. Typical compounds of selenium and tellurium.
* Nitrogen group elements chemistry. Nitrides. Oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen. Phosphorus, allotropes, oxides and oxoacids of phosphorus, phosphides. Phosphates, properties and structures. Group 15th elements halides.
* Chemistry of carbon group of elements. Properties and structure of carbon allotropes. Catenation, multiple bonds. Carbon oxides. Silicon chemistry, comparison of carbon and silicon chemistry. Silicates and their structure. 14th Group of elements halides.
* Boron chemistry. Halides, boranes, borates. Ionic compounds - properties, lattice energy, ionic radius, ionic lattices, metallic lattices, mixed oxides.
* Group 1 and 2 metals - hydrides, oxides, halides and salts of oxoacids stability, reactions in liquid amonia, reductive properties.
* Introduction to coordination chemistry. Coordination compounds from Werner till today, nomenclature, structure, isomerism. Ligands, coordination numbers and polyhedra. Crystal and ligand field theory. Deformations of octahedral and tetrahedral geometry. Spectrochemical series of ligands. Magnetic properties of the transition metals coordination compounds.
* An overview of the complexes of first, second and third row of transition elements series.
* First row transition metals chemistry (Sc-Cu). Chemistry of the lower and higher oxidation states, binary and coordination compounds. Second and third row transition metals chemistry: Zr i Hf; Nb i Ta; Mo i W; Tc i Re. Platinum metals (Ru, Os, Rh, Ir, Pd, Pt), binary and coordination compounds: properties and stereochemistry.
REQUIREMENTS FOR STUDENTS:
Regular class attendance (lectures and seminars).
GRADING AND ASSESSING THE WORK OF STUDENTS:
Regular class attendance (lectures and seminars), two partial written exams, active participation during teaching lessons, final exam (oral and written).
- G. L. Miessler, P. J. Fischer, D. A. Tarr, Inorganic Chemistry, Pearson, New York, 2014.
- C. E. Housecroft and A. G. Sharpe, Inorganic Chemistry, Pearson Prentice Hall, Harlow, 2012.
- I. Filipović, S. Lipanović, Opća i anorganska kemije, Školska knjiga, Zagreb, 1995.
- D. Grdenić, Molekule i kristali, Školska knjiga, Zagreb, 2005.