The main aim of the course is to give insight into the wide range of nuclear physics applications and in particular those in materials science and environmental research. Applications that are demonstrated are predominantly connected to the use accelerators and various types of radiation detectors. The course includes students' experimental work with different techniques associated with different measurement systems, detectors, data acquisition and data processing hardware and software. Since radiation detectors used in these applications are frequently found in much more complex detection systems, experimental work within this course is important for students working at large scale facilities for nuclear and particle physics as well.
The main subjects: Materials modification using ion beams, ion beam stopping (electronic and nuclear), ion implantation and irradiation; Ion beam analysis techniques: RBS (Rutherford Backscattering), ERDA (Elastic Recoil Detection Analysis), NRA (Nuclear Reaction Analysis) and PIXE (Particle Induced X-Ray Emission); Analysis using neutrons (reactors and neutron generators) using gamma activation; Positron annihilation spectyrosopy and applications, Radioactive decay applications: C-14 dating, gamma spectroscopy.
- W.R. Leo, Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Experiements, Springer, Berlin, 1994.
- J.R. Tesmer, M. Nastasi, Handbook of Modern Ion Beam Materials Analysis, Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, SAD, 1995.
- G.F. Knoll, Radiation Detection and Measurement, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 4th ed., 2010.
- J. Csikai, CRC Handbook of Fast Neutron Generators, CRC Press Inc., Boca Raton, SAD, 1987.