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Endocrine Physiology

Code: 74434
ECTS: 5.0
Lecturers in charge: prof. dr. sc. Vesna Benković
prof. dr. sc. Domagoj Đikić
Lecturers: prof. dr. sc. Vesna Benković - Seminar

prof. dr. sc. Vesna Benković - Practicum
Take exam: Studomat
English level:


The lecturer is not able to offer courses in English at this time.

1. komponenta

Lecture typeTotal
Lectures 15
Practicum 30
Seminar 15
* Load is given in academic hour (1 academic hour = 45 minutes)
1. Explain the basic concepts of the physiology of the endocrine system (hormones and endocrine glands).
2. Connect the anatomical structure and function of organ systems needs to maintain homeostasis and normal function of the human body.
3. Analyse the mechanisms of action and interaction of hormones, hormone secretion control mechanisms, mode of transmission of information via hormones
4. Explain and conclude the similarities and differences in the function of different types of muscle actin role, myosin and troponin in skeletal muscle contraction.
5. To define and interconnect functions of insulin, glucagon and glucagon-like peptides. Explain the classification and diagnosis of diabetes mellitus.
6. Analysing the foundation principles of supervision of water and electrolyte metabolism and define the functions antidiuretic hormone and aldosterone.
7. Analyse the functions of the male and female reproductive system.
8. Define and describe the basic problems in the functioning of the endocrine system

1. Introduction to the endocrine system. What are hormones? The principles of hormone function. The organization of the endocrine system. What are endocrine glands?
2. Hormone biosynthesis and metabolism. Hormone action and interaction mechanisms. The control mechanisms of hormone secretion. Transmitting information via hormones.
3. Hormonal control of lipid metabolism of carbohydrates and protein.
4. Glucocorticoids, adenokortikoidi and corticotropin releasing hormone, catecholamines, serotonin and related hormones.
5. Excretion and metabolism of insulin. Glucagon and glucagon-like peptides. Classification and diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. Hypoglycemia.
6. Hormonal control of the metabolism of water and electrolytes. Aldosterone and renin-angiotensin system. Antidiuretic hormone regulators and other quantities of water and electrolytes in the body.
7. Hormonal regulation of calcium and phosphate. Parathyroid hormone and parathyroid hormone related peptides. Calcitonin. Vitamin D. Regulation of Calcium homeostasis. Bone development. Osteoporosis.
8. Hormones and reproductive system. Sexual determination and differentiation of the reproductive system. The male reproductive system. Spermatogenesis and regulation functions of the testes. The androgenic hormones and function.
9. Female reproductive system. Folliculogenesis, ovulation, luteogenesis. The synthesis and secretion of ovarian hormones. Estrogen and progesterone. Hormonal regulation of the menstrual cycle and ovulation.
10. Pregnancy and lactation. Implantation and placental physiology. Hormones placenta.
11. Fetal and neonatal endocrinology. Childbirth. Lactation. Hormonal changes and endocrine tests in pregnancy.
12. Hormones that affect the size and structure of the body. The hormones of the thyroid gland: thyrotropin, thyrotropin releasing hormone. Hipotireizam. Acromegaly. Obesity, anorexia, diet.
13. Regulation of appetite and thermogenesis. Heritage and syndromes thickness. Anorexia. Bulimia and other disorders in the diet. Starvation. Diabetes mellitus.
14. Hypothalamus and pituitary. Thyroid hormones that stimulate the thyroid gland. Hormones thyroid metabolism and function. Autoimmune thyroid disease.
15. Disorders of the endocrine system - the endocrinopathies.

1. Hormones and behavior
2. Hermaphroditism
3. Hormones insects
4. Retinoic acid
5. FMRFamide
6. Adipose tissue as an endocrine organ
7. Transport of hormones in the blood
8. Pars intermedia
9. Male sex hormones
10. Male sex hormones - the menstrual cycle
11. Pregnancy and lactation
12. RAS
13. Ghrelin, gastrin, gastrin releasing peptide, gastric inhibitory peptide
14. Diabetes
15. Parathyroid

1. The influence of thyroid hormones on the metabolism
2. Digestion
3. Insulin and Diabetes
4. Implication ovarectomy and hormonal therapy
5. Designation of hormonal status (mouse, rat)
6. The methods of assisted reproduction
  1. Guyton AC, Hall JE (1999) Medicinska fiziologija, deveto izdanje; ur. hrv. izd. Sunčana Kukolja Tardi et al.; Medicinska naklada, Zagreb.
  2. Šimunić V. Reprodukcijska endokrinologija i neplodnost; 2012. Školska knjiga
  3. Bolander BB. Molecular endocrinology, 2004. Elsevier Academic Press
2. semester
Izborni predmeti - Regular study - Molecular Biology

8. semester
Izborni predmeti biologija i /ili kemija - Regular study - Biology and Chemistry Education
Consultations schedule: