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National Parks

Code: 40931
ECTS: 5.0
Lecturers in charge: prof. dr. sc. Jasna Lajtner
prof. dr. sc. Maria Špoljar
Lecturers: prof. dr. sc. Jasna Lajtner - Seminar
prof. dr. sc. Maria Špoljar - Seminar
Take exam: Studomat
English level:


In agreement with the students enrolled in the course, the lecturer will provide as many teaching elements in English as possible, or in both English and Croatian for mixed groups (i.e., bilingual teaching materials and bilingual exams). Level 2 also includes additional individual consultations with foreign students (as in Level 1) for the teaching elements which will be held in Croatian.

1. komponenta

Lecture typeTotal
Lectures 30
Seminar 30
* Load is given in academic hour (1 academic hour = 45 minutes)
1. Analyse natural base definition of national parks and protected areas, based on IUCN classification, on the examples from Croatia and globally.
2. Apply legislation on Croatian national parks.
3. Discuss the possibilities of preserving nature in the most important Croatian and world national parks.
4. Analyse directions of monitoring and research in protected areas.
5. Analyse the possibilities of sustainable development on protected areas.
6. Develop educational projects for popularization of nature conservation in protected areas.



1. History of national parks origin and development of nature protection in the world.
2. Primary role of national parks, basic phenomena for protection and classification of protected area according to IUCN classification.
3. Legislative instruments in Croatian national parks.
4. - 7. Croatian national parks (NP Paklenica, NP Plitvička jezera, NP Sjeverni Velebit, NP Risnjak, NP Mljet, NP Brijuni, NP Kornati, NP Krka).
8. - 11. National parks of Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Australia.
12. Protection of plant and animal species in national parks. Monitoring and research in protected areas, reintroduction of endangered animal species.
13. Visiting and recreation in national parks.
14. Coexistence of national parks and local community, sustainable development of the area.
15. Education and popularisation activities of nature protection in protected areas.


Seminars are organized in the way that the themes are arranged in cooperation with students, according to their interests.
  1. Lajtner, J., Špoljar, M. (2014): Nacionalni parkovi, PMF, Zagreb, predavanja na webu.
  2. Bralić, I. (2005): Nacionalni parkovi Hrvatske. Školska knjiga, Zagreb.
  3. Vidaković, P. (1989): Nacionalni parkovi i turizam. Zavod za zaštitu prirode SR Hrvatske i Institut za turizam u Zagrebu, Zagreb.
  4. Vidaković, P. (1997): Nacionalni parkovi u svijetu. Fond za stipendiranje mladih za zaštitu prirode i turizam, Zagreb.
  5. Zakon o zaštiti prirode Republike Hrvatske, Narodne novine 80/13.
3. semester
Izborni predmeti - Regular study - Environmental Sciences

9. semester
Izborni predmeti biologija - Regular study - Biology and Chemistry Education
Consultations schedule:
  • prof. dr. sc. Maria Špoljar:

    During working time and by e-mail.

  • prof. dr. sc. Maria Špoljar:

    During working time and by e-mail.